What Does PA Mean in Baseball?


Written by

Michael Rogers



Leo Hagenes

what does pa mean in baseball

We have received many inquiries from new baseball fans who are confused about the myriad of abbreviations for the game and player performance statistics. Fret not, as we will explain them in great detail one by one.

Today’s query is, what does PA mean in baseball? For your information, PA in baseball stands for Plate Appearance. This figure counts the turn batting at the plate of a batter. Let’s delve in!

Importance of Plate Appearances


PA stand for Plate Appearance, and is counted every time:

  • The batter’s turn to come to the baseball plate for an at-bat
  • The batter is not charged an at-bat, like when they hit or walk a sacrifice (also referred to as an “unofficial at-bat)

Meanwhile, below are the circumstances where a PA is not credited for the batter:

  • A previous base runner is in the middle of running from base to base (on their basepath) yet being put out not by the batter. Examples include caught stealing or picked off, etc.
  • The game suddenly ends due to a score resulting from a stolen base, balk, passed ball, or a wild pitch during the batting.
  • In a rare case where right after the batter already starts the at-bat, he then is replaced by a pinch hitter or substitute batter.

So, does PA actually matter much in baseball stats?

The answer is a resounding yes.

PA is one of the determining factors for those who are qualifying for the batting title. There are three batting title qualifications for a player, one of which is 502 plate appearances.

Plate Appearances in Game Totals

The total plate appearance formula is as follows:

PA = H + K + E+ BB +HBP + SF + SH + DI + DFO


  • H is Hit (counting single hits, double, triple, and home run)
  • K is Strikeout
  • E refers to (defensive fielding) errors that result in the batter reaching base
  • BB is Walk
  • HBP refers to Hit-by-pitch
  • SF is Sacrifice Fly
  • SH is Sacrifice Hit
  • DI counts Defensive Interference
  • DFO stands for Defensive Fielding Out

As for a team’s plate appearance total, either of the following formula will work:

  • The team’s walks + at bats + hits by pitches +sacrifices + first-base awards due to interference or obstructions


  • The team’s runs + LOB runners + players put out

Plate Appearances vs At Bats

Both PA and At-bats are used to record a batter’s performance. However, while a PA counts all the feats above (check the formula), at-bats exclude BB (walk), sacrifice (SH and SF), HPB (Hit-by-pitch), and Catcher’s interference.

In detail, when a plate appearance is completed, the batter will be credited one at-bat, except for the following feats:

  • A hit-by-pitch ball that strikes the batter, and he does not swing at it, thus awarded the 1st base.
  • The batter hits a sacrifice fly or a sacrifice bunt.
  • There is an obstruction (the pitcher physically blocks a baserunner who is running from base to base) or interference (an illegal change of game course by an offense player)
  • The batter is replaced by the pinch hitter when he has less than two strikes against him.

Therefore, it can be concluded that the total PA is always higher than at-bats when counting the batter’s plays, meaning it offers a more comprehensive sum-up of a batter’s performance during a game.


Now that you know what does PA mean in baseball, note that it’s a rather important metric in baseball games, especially for evaluating a batter’s performance. Compared to at-bats, this statistic will provide a better look into a batter’s effort.

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